Assessment of Biodiversity Indicators for lowland Raised Bogs Utilising Remote Sensing Data

Biodiversity is declining globally primarily because of climatic change and anthropogenic impacts. In Europe, protected sites (e.g., Natura 2000) have been established to prevent further loss of biodiversity and protect key habitats from further deterioration, including from previous detrimental management practices. These sites are still affected by events in the surrounding landscape and are not immune to climate change. In the UK and particularly Wales, even in protected areas key habitats are not managed as a system of national parks and hence conservation efforts have to work with communities in order to provide protection for biodiversity. Few systems exist for consistently, routinely and spatially quantifying biodiversity across sites, assessing the impacts of past management and guiding and predicting the consequences of future actions, including those relating to policy. Earth observation can provide timely data with complete coverage of the region of interest and can be used to map changes in extent and condition. Understanding and quantifying the impacts of these observed changes on key elements of flora and fauna (e.g., insects, small mammals etc.) can allow remote monitoring of biodiversity. This project has been supported by Welsh Government and Natural Resources Wales (NRW) and focus on Cors Fochno, (Borth Bog) just north of Aberystwyth with remotely sensed WorldView2 data acquired alongside field surveys of flora and fauna.